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Muscle

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Aug 10, 2018 9:17:01 AM

In February of 2014 the Journal of Investigative Dermatology , published the article 'The skin not the largest organ.' a good read. The Journal of Comprehensive Physiology in a published article - 'Muscle as a secretory organ.' - states,  "Skeletal muscle is the largest organ in the body."

As strength coaches we tend to think of muscle exclusively in relation to muscle fiber contractions, posture, breathing and the locomotion of our activities. Seldom do we think of skeletal muscle as a secretory organ and it's ability to communicate with other organs such as adipose tissue, the liver, pancreas, our bones and the brain. 

Myokines are small proteins released by muscle cells in response to muscular contractions.  They are involved in  tissue regeneration and repair, inflammation reduction, reduction of the risk of chronic metabolic diseases and maintenance of healthy bodily functioning. Skeletal muscle as an endocrine organ produce and release these proteins, which like hormones, exert specific endocrine effects.

Understanding that inactivity leads to an altered myokine response and muscular work a positive healthy molecular return, illustrates the far-reaching effect of strength training regularly and continually throughout life. 

In our modern environment with televisions, computers, advanced technology, cell phones a sedentary behavior with little or moderate muscular work is commonplace.  With the physiological knowledge of the skeletal muscles contributions in Getting Strong more than walking and running alone are necessary to achieve what is deemed a 'healthy lifestyle'. 

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  Getting Strong on the Pendulum Power Rack System

Topics: Muscular Growth, Muscular Strength, Strength Training, Pendulum Rack System, Pendulum Chin-Up Bar, Pendulum Rope Pull

When You 'Knee' To Do Push-ups

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Aug 1, 2018 3:42:20 PM

Doing a push-up with your body straight and knees off the floor is harder than with them on the ground as it requires less trunk stability to maintain position. The question is: "What is the benefit of push-ups on your knees other than training the beginner or extending the exercise once the athletes strength fails to hold posture?"

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In May of this year a study reported in the Journal of Applied Biomechanics measured the surface muscle activity of 8 upper body and core muscles during a push-up.  There findings were ....."there were no significant differences between push-ups on the toes versus knees with respect to the percent contribution for the primary muscle groups."   

As a coach this changes your thinking about the value of training  push-ups  from a kneeling versus extended position. Training a novice athlete with planks and bent leg  push-ups will quickly hasten the desired development for chest and trunk. Teach the athlete how adjusting their legs still adequately targets the primary chest muscles and is an important consideration when Getting Strong regardless of ones overall strength. This knowledge brings a new focus and enthusiasm to the modified position.     

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 Push-up to Get the chest Strong 

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The Pendulum Vertical Chest Press

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topics: Pendulum Vertical Chest Press, Strength Training, Muscular Strength

Get A Grip On Strength When Asleep

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Jul 26, 2018 10:02:06 AM

The National Sleep Foundation has specific sleep recommendations for each age group ranging from infants to the aged population. The recommended ranges for appropriate sleep for teenagers is getting 8 to 10 hours, 7 to 9 hours for young adults and 7 to 8 hours for the older population. 

Examining sleep patterns over an 8 year period and measuring grip strength with hand held dynamometers the groups with longer and shorter duration then recommended have a faster rate of hand grip strength decline over time

When training to Get Strong sleep must be an important part of the equation as it is a major key to development. Stimulants like energy drinks, external lights including those from electronic devices interfere with our 'circardian rythms' or natural sleep/wake cycle. Eating properly, maintaining a healthy body composition and exercising are important, but the big picture in maximizing development is getting the needed hours of recovery to make a program work.

 Power Grip Pro

The Pendulum Power Grip Pro

Topics: Pendulum Gripper, Muscular Strength, Strength Training

Read The Manual Before You Begin

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Apr 1, 2018 7:11:33 PM

Important Manual Resistance Considerations:

  • When training manually all athletes must understand the rules of performing each repetition properly. The rules of Manual Resistance must be reviewed regularly!
  • The athlete should not only be capable of performing an exercise but have the ability to teach, as well as administer the exercise to others. 
  • Once an athlete understands how to execute manual resistance it demands the same effort and motivation as if trying to improve on a bench, squat, clean or any other strength training exercise.
  • When training manually to progressively overload it requires a strength measurement to track progress.  Taking a circumference, body composition and other physiological variables allows the coach and athlete to monitor results.
  • Remember when training the head and neck manually athletes should have clean hands especially during flu season.

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Manual Resistance Rules

1). Each athlete must know and understand the rules.

2). The Lifter begins each exercise with the goal of 6-8 reps. This requires pacing, in other words, the first repetition is not an all out effort. The effort must be increasing for every subsequent repetition.

2a). The Spotter should allow the lifter to perform each repetition at the same pace or speed of movement. This will require different amounts of pressure by the spotter during the rep (because of leverage). The lifter will feel as though the resistance is similar at all joint angles (the resistance will feel smooth).

3). The lowering phase of every repetition should be slower than the raising phase. A guide in learning manual resistance is raise the involved limbs up in 1-2 seconds or at a 1-2 count and lower them in 4-5 seconds or at a 4 or 5 count.

3a). The Spotter must make sure that they feel more force by the lifter during the lowering phase of each repetition.

4). The Lifter should continually contract their target musculature during the raising phase and the lowering phase of every repetition.

4a). The Spotter must give feedback to the lifter to ensure there is always a constant contraction on every repetition performed. The spotter should identify any relaxation or loss of force by the lifter during the movement.

5). The Lifter should pause with pressure against the spotter's resistance at the top of every movement. Pausing with pressure and no relaxation is extremely difficult.

5a). The Spotter should insure the lifter is applying force at the top of the movement. The spotter must feel if the lifter is relaxing. The spotter must ease slowly into the lowering phase of the exercise. Slowly easing into the lowering phase or decent is extremely important.

6). The exercise is completed when the athlete reaches momentary muscular failure. 

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Topics: Muscular Strength, Strength Training, Manual Resistance

Strength, Conditioning And Fitness Club

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Feb 15, 2018 7:25:55 PM

Lock Haven University is located on 200 acres in central Pennsylvania along the Susquehanna river. They are noted for teacher preparation and are strong in sciences, business and the humanities. They have over 130 clubs that provide the students with numerous experiences.

The Lock Haven University's Strength, Conditioning and Fitness Club recently arrived in Clare, Michigan to gain understanding of fitness manufacturing, weight room design and to become acquainted with the Pendulum exercise equipment. 

A great group, a great learning experience and a great day! Ask about bringing your strength team to Clare.

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Topics: Announcements, Strength Training, Pendulum Rack System, Pendulum Power Stack, Pendulum Reverse Glute/Ham, Muscular Strength, Pendulum Shoulder/Incline, Pendulum Gripper, Pendulum 4 Way Neck

March To Minnesota

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Feb 13, 2018 3:14:40 PM

THE SCIENCE AND APPLICATION OF STRENGTH TRAINING

FOR HEALTH & HUMAN PERFORMANCE

 

March 9 & 10th, 2018

DAY ONE

Times and events for both days are subject to change

4:30 – 5:45pm Registration/Check-in

5:30 – 5:45pm Welcome and Introduction

5:45 – 6:45pm Keynote Presentation 1: Ted Dreisigner Ph.D. Isolated Strengthening of the Low Back as a Strategy for the Prevention and Clinical Management of Chronic Low Back Pain

6:45 – 7:30pm Special Topics Presentation: A Fireside Chat with Jim Flanagan

7:45 – 8:30pm Special Topics Presentation: Brandon Jonker Results and Application of the Repetition Duration Study; Comparing 30-30-30, 10-10, and 2-4 and Training Demonstration with James Fisher Ph.D.

8:30 – 10:30pm Social at Beacon

We invite all attendees to join for food and drink at Beacon (located in the hotel). Note: Drinks and food are an additional cost and are not provided.

DAY TWO

Early Morning Workouts at the Downtown Minneapolis Location – More information to come

9:00 – 10:00am Keynote Presentation 2: Luke Carlson The Philosophy, Strategy, and Tactics that Drive Business Growth.

10:15 – 11:15am Keynote Presentation 3: Mike Gittleson Stretching is Not What We Thought it Was (and the Lost Body Part)

11:15 – 11:45am Special Topics and Tactics: Discover Strength Staff

11:45 – 12:30 Lunch (provided with registration)

12:30 – 1:30pm Keynote Presentation 4: Rob Morton Understanding Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy: Protein Metabolism and Resistance Training

1:45 – 2:45pm Keynote Presentation 5: Michelle Segar Ph.D

3:00 – 4:00pm Keynote Presentation 6: James Fisher Ph.D Heterogeneity, Periodization and the Strength-Endurance Continuum

 https://www.resistanceexerciseconference.com/

 

Pendulum Hip Press

Pendulum Hip Presses

Topics: Muscular Strength, Strength, Pendulum 3 Way Row, Pendulum Hip Press, Muscular Growth, Strength Training

Foam Rolling?

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Dec 28, 2017 9:14:01 AM

In the past year two articles were published in the International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy about foam rolling and performance. Foam rolling is a self- administered technique often used to increase range of motion and is found to be part of many weight room and pre-activity rituals.

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Researchers examined the effect of  foam rolling during the inter-set rest period during sets of knee extensions while training. In both studies when foam rolling the quadricep or foam rolling the hamstrings between exercise bouts, the process decreased maximum repetition performance compared to the control groups. Based on these results there are implications in foam rolling prescription for rehabilitation and for athletic populations. 

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Foam rolling does effect the fascia surrounding the musculature - how, when and why this exercise tool is added to a program must be well thought out to Get Strong.

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Topics: Muscular Strength, Strength Training

The Rules Of Manual Resistance

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Dec 7, 2017 11:06:12 AM

Important Manual Resistance Considerations:

  • When training manually all athletes must understand the rules of performing each repetition properly.
  • The athlete should not only be capable of performing an exercise but have the ability to teach, as well as administer the exercise to others. 
  • Once an athlete understands how to execute manual resistance it demands the same effort and motivation as if trying to improve on a bench, squat, clean or any other strength training exercise.
  • When training manually to progressively overload it requires a strength measurement to track progress.  Taking a circumference, body composition and other physiological variables allows the coach and athlete to monitor results.
  • Remember when training the head and neck manually athletes should have clean hands especially during flu season.
  • The rules of Manual Resistance must be reviewed regularly! 

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The Rules of Manual Resistance

1). If you use Manual Resistance make sure you and your spotter know and understand the rules.

2). The Lifter begins each exercise with the goal of 6-8 reps. This requires pacing, in other words, the first repetition is not an all out effort. The effort must be increasing for every subsequent repetition.

2a). The Spotter should allow the lifter to perform each repetition at the same pace or speed of movement. This will require different amounts of pressure by the spotter during the rep (because of leverage). The lifter will feel as though the resistance is similar at all joint angles (the resistance will feel smooth).

3). The lowering phase of every repetition should be slower than the raising phase. A guide in learning manual resistance is raise the involved limbs up in 1-2 seconds or at a 1-2 count and lower them in 4-5 seconds or at a 4 or 5 count.

3a). The Spotter must make sure that they feel more force by the lifter during the lowering phase of each repetition.

4). The Lifter should continually contract their target musculature during the raising phase and the lowering phase of every repetition.

4a). The Spotter must give feedback to the lifter to ensure there is always a constant contraction on every repetition performed. The spotter should identify any relaxation or loss of force by the lifter during the movement.

5). The Lifter should pause with pressure against the spotter's resistance at the top of every movement. Pausing with pressure and no relaxation is extremely difficult.

5a). The Spotter should insure the lifter is applying force at the top of the movement. The spotter must feel if the lifter is relaxing. The spotter must ease slowly into the lowering phase of the exercise. Slowly easing into the lowering phase or decent is extremely important.

6). The exercise is completed when the athlete reaches momentary muscular failure.

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Topics: Manual Resistance, Muscular Strength, Muscular Growth, Strength Training

Don't Drop Drop-sets From Your Program

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Oct 5, 2017 10:33:33 AM

In April of this year the Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness published - Effects of drop set resistance training on acute stress indicators and long-term muscle hypertrophy and strength. The findings were..."Superior muscle gains might be achieved with a single set of DS (drop set) compared to 3 sets of conventional RT (resistance training), probably due to higher stress experienced in the DS protocol."

Drop-sets are done in numerous ways, in general it is a simple technique whereby you perform a set of an exercise and then reduce or 'drop' the weight and continue for more repetitions with less poundage or greater leverage. 

There are many many methods how drop-sets are accomplished; stripping of weight from a barbell, quickly grabbing lighter and lighter dumbbells, changing pin settings on selectorized machines, continually changing grip or stance during an exercise, changing the range of motion and more.

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The Pendulum 'Set Extension Technology" is an ideal training method especially for in-season reduced training time and obtaining the desired results in a shorter interval. With an athletes normal weight, the spotter simply changes range of motion once the athlete cannot finish a repetition. All Pendulum strength machines with their 'S.E.T. Extension System' are made to simply and quickly change the length of movement. A Drop-set on the Pendulum strength equipment is an easy and efficient way to Get Strong.

Call or 'drop-in' at the Pendulum showroom in Clare, Michigan to find out about or try out the Rogers Athlete strength equipment.

 Pendulum S.E.T. Technology

Topics: Pendulum 3 Way Row, Muscular Strength, Strength Training

Lowering Weight To Lower Injuries

Posted by Mike Gittleson on Mar 11, 2017 7:58:27 PM

When a muscle lengthens under load during training it is called the eccentric phase of the movement. The controlled lowering phase of training is not only important for muscular growth, but has other training benefits.

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Following years of systematic reviews of the scientific literature, it has been determined that the act of stretching has "limited effectiveness in preventing injury or reducing the risk of injury."  What is becoming apparent is that eccentric training is an effective way of changing range of motion, as well as, reducing injury. This is accomplished through strengthening the tissue and changing the compliant end of the tendon. Injuries are reduced when you have a healthy myotendinous junction, that is, the connection between the muscle and the tendon. Maintaining the health of this region requires adding movements of low velocity to your athletic program. Get Strong and stay injury free by emphasizing the lowering phase of training.

Topics: Pendulum Hip Press, Strength Training, Pendulum Squat Pro, Pendulum Seated Squat